American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (AJHSS) is an international peer-reviewed journal. The objective of AJHSS is to provide a forum for high quality research related to humanities and social sciences research. Areas relevant to the scope of the journal include: anthropology, population, economics, education, human resource development, language studies, management, tourism, psychology, environment, social and behavioral sciences, sociology, political science and relevant subjects. en-US Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously, that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication. World Scholars reserves the rights to retract any published manuscripts in the case of suspected plagiarism or any scientific misconducts. Copyrights for articles published in AJHSS are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author. (Editorial Office) (Technical Support) Sun, 04 Aug 2019 18:10:13 +0000 OJS 60 Exploring Socio-Economic and Psychological Condition of Street Vendors of Barishal City: Evidence from Bangladesh The number of street vendors are increasing day by day. People are coming in Barishal city due to illiteracy, poverty, long time unable to manage a job, labor supply, large family size, and to search for better job opportunities and better living, and administrative purposes, then the displaced and vulnerable people start street vending. This is needed very less capital, no educational qualification, no training, easy to start and easy to move. Female vendors are very few because of patriarchy, religious bindings, unequal power relations, female inferiority, unable to decision making, women’s availability to indoor works where vending is an outdoor work. Besides, it is a very tiresome and arduous job so male are best suited to perform street vending under the scorching sun or rain in the roadside or market area. Most of them are married and live in the slum areas and congested small rooms with too many children which is very unhygienic and congested. Street vendors compete with the other vendors of the city, face difficulties when the municipality and the police force interfere with their business. Their mental stress becomes growing negatively when forced to leave their working place without prior notice. This situation creates both economic and psychological stress for the street vendors. To solve these problems government should provide them a certain place for vending, minimum/interest free loan, license, educational logistics support and to strengthen the social awareness program. Key Words: Street vendor, income, employment, urban informal sector, social capital, socio-economic status, psychological stress Md. Sadequr Rahman Copyright (c) 2019 Md. Sadequr Rahman Tue, 20 Aug 2019 00:45:55 +0000 The Gender, Participation and Employment Status in Non-Farm Livelihood Activities in Rural Ethiopia: The Case of Shebel Berenta Woreda, Amhara National Regional State Women play an immense role in rural non-farm economy. Hence, objective of this study was to assess women’s participation in non-farm activity in Shebel Berenta Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Mixed research method with explanatory research design was employed for data collection and data analysis. The questionnaire survey was collected from 267 systematically selected women from randomly selected four rural Kebeles, purposively selected key informants and focus group discussants in the study area. The result showed that more than half of respondents(51%) participate in NFA and their extent in NFA participation revealed that, majority of rural women regularly participated in trade, making and sale of local drinks, casual laboring or daily laboring, pottery, food for work, selling of firewood and charcoal production, selling of vegetable and fruits, and retail shopping. While, women has involved in lesser extent on leather works, traditional hair dressing, grain milling and weaving or spinning. In addition, women were constrained from the involvement in carpentry or masonry, community assigned local position, private sector employment and traditional medicine of the non-farm sector in the study area. The employment status of women’s participation in non-farm showed high in self-employment, while limited saying in wage employment. Correspondingly, majority of women pursue NFA in the nearest town or local away from home, whereas small numbers of women pursues NFA through migratory. To enable rural women active participant the government should work on education, providing credit services and built local infrastructure. Key words: Gender, Livelihood, Employment, Non-farm activity, Participation, Shebel Berenta Woreda. Eyayu kasseye Bayu Copyright (c) 2019 Eyayu kasseye Bayu Sun, 04 Aug 2019 00:00:00 +0000