https://www.worldscholars.org/index.php/ajhss/issue/feed American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences 2019-08-20T00:56:30+00:00 Editorial Office ajhss@worldscholars.org Open Journal Systems American Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences (AJHSS) is an international peer-reviewed journal. The objective of AJHSS is to provide a forum for high quality research related to humanities and social sciences research. Areas relevant to the scope of the journal include: anthropology, population, economics, education, human resource development, language studies, management, tourism, psychology, environment, social and behavioral sciences, sociology, political science and relevant subjects. https://www.worldscholars.org/index.php/ajhss/article/view/982 Exploring Socio-Economic and Psychological Condition of Street Vendors of Barishal City: Evidence from Bangladesh 2019-08-20T00:45:55+00:00 Md. Sadequr Rahman sadeksociology2000@yahoo.com The number of street vendors are increasing day by day. People are coming in Barishal city due to illiteracy, poverty, long time unable to manage a job, labor supply, large family size, and to search for better job opportunities and better living, and administrative purposes, then the displaced and vulnerable people start street vending. This is needed very less capital, no educational qualification, no training, easy to start and easy to move. Female vendors are very few because of patriarchy, religious bindings, unequal power relations, female inferiority, unable to decision making, women’s availability to indoor works where vending is an outdoor work. Besides, it is a very tiresome and arduous job so male are best suited to perform street vending under the scorching sun or rain in the roadside or market area. Most of them are married and live in the slum areas and congested small rooms with too many children which is very unhygienic and congested. Street vendors compete with the other vendors of the city, face difficulties when the municipality and the police force interfere with their business. Their mental stress becomes growing negatively when forced to leave their working place without prior notice. This situation creates both economic and psychological stress for the street vendors. To solve these problems government should provide them a certain place for vending, minimum/interest free loan, license, educational logistics support and to strengthen the social awareness program. Key Words: Street vendor, income, employment, urban informal sector, social capital, socio-economic status, psychological stress 2019-08-20T00:45:55+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Md. Sadequr Rahman https://www.worldscholars.org/index.php/ajhss/article/view/980 The Gender, Participation and Employment Status in Non-Farm Livelihood Activities in Rural Ethiopia: The Case of Shebel Berenta Woreda, Amhara National Regional State 2019-08-20T00:56:30+00:00 Eyayu kasseye Bayu eyasukassa21@gmail.com Women play an immense role in rural non-farm economy. Hence, objective of this study was to assess women’s participation in non-farm activity in Shebel Berenta Woreda, Amhara Region, Ethiopia. Mixed research method with explanatory research design was employed for data collection and data analysis. The questionnaire survey was collected from 267 systematically selected women from randomly selected four rural Kebeles, purposively selected key informants and focus group discussants in the study area. The result showed that more than half of respondents(51%) participate in NFA and their extent in NFA participation revealed that, majority of rural women regularly participated in trade, making and sale of local drinks, casual laboring or daily laboring, pottery, food for work, selling of firewood and charcoal production, selling of vegetable and fruits, and retail shopping. While, women has involved in lesser extent on leather works, traditional hair dressing, grain milling and weaving or spinning. In addition, women were constrained from the involvement in carpentry or masonry, community assigned local position, private sector employment and traditional medicine of the non-farm sector in the study area. The employment status of women’s participation in non-farm showed high in self-employment, while limited saying in wage employment. Correspondingly, majority of women pursue NFA in the nearest town or local away from home, whereas small numbers of women pursues NFA through migratory. To enable rural women active participant the government should work on education, providing credit services and built local infrastructure. Key words: Gender, Livelihood, Employment, Non-farm activity, Participation, Shebel Berenta Woreda. 2019-08-04T00:00:00+00:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Eyayu kasseye Bayu