American Journal of Human Ecology <p>The American Journal of Human Ecology (AJHE) is a peer reviewed journal. The Journal publishes research on the interaction between humans and the environment. Research papers from such fields as anthropology, geography, tourism, community development, community and public health, geography, family ecology, psychology, environmental sciences, agriculture, demography, sociology, education, and urban planning are welcomed.</p> en-US <p>Submission of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher. The Editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.</p><p>World Scholars reserves the rights to retract any published manuscripts in the case of suspected plagiarism or any scientific misconducts. All requests for withdrawal of manuscripts before or after publishing will only be entertained if a formal written request is made to the editor of AJHE. Approvals for withdrawal of manuscripts wholly depends on the consideration of the editor and the editorial board of AJHE. No refunds for the manuscript publishing charges will be made in the event of withdrawal after the manuscript has been published.</p><p>Copyrights for articles published in World Scholars journals are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author's responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.</p> (Editor) (Support) Fri, 23 Nov 2018 13:51:27 +0000 OJS 60 Understanding Urban Farm households Vulnerability to Economic shocks in South-South Nigeria <p align="center">High level of vulnerability of urban farmers to economic shocks occasioned by variability in climate often hampers their effective participation in economic activities. Lack of information on the vulnerability status of urban households often limit their effective participation in economic activities. This study assessed the vulnerability status of urban farmers in South-south region of Nigeria. Data for this study was obtained from two hundred and eighty nine (289) households that were randomly selected from three States in South-south Nigeria and analyzed using vulnerability index analysis. The results indicated that the vulnerability of urban farmers in the area is caused by lack of access to formal credit (0.95), lack of access to land (0.86), low asset value (0.82), loss of primary income earner (0.81), loss of productive asset (0.73), low farm income (0.71), high dependent population and low level of education (0.69). Also, households that were totally dependent on farm income were 66% more likely to be vulnerable to economic shocks. The study shows the economic vulnerability of urban farmers is high and recommends capacity building, provision of formal credit and provision of land in cities for urban agriculture.</p> UBOKUDOM OKON, Kesit K Nkeme, Ubon A Essien, Chukwuemeka C Onyia Copyright (c) 2018 American Journal of Human Ecology Fri, 23 Nov 2018 00:00:00 +0000